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Copenhagen’s new Metro is a factor of magnificence

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Copenhagen (CNN) — In Copenhagen, site visitors is often brought on by the two-wheel number of transportation: the bicycle.

Ever since bicycles had been imported into Denmark from France in 1869, they’ve turn out to be the principle type of transportation within the Scandinavian metropolis. Within the 1920s, it wasn’t uncommon to see each the working class in addition to excessive society pedaling by the streets. However with the opening of the Metro’s new M3 Cityring line, commuters have a brand new method of getting round.

Whereas Copenhagen’s Metro has at all times been slightly environment friendly, many neighborhoods lacked stations, and thus, accessibility.

As well as, a rising inhabitants of about 10,000 new residents per 12 months is taxing the buses and trains already in circulation. In a metropolis of 650,000 folks, about 200,000 commute on the Metro day by day, generally together with a motorcycle throughout their journey.

Higher accessibility

The circular line has 17 new stops, nearly doubling the number of existing stations.

The round line has 17 new stops, practically doubling the variety of current stations.

DA MARIE ODGAARD/AFP through Getty Photos

Cityring, a 15.5-kilometer (roughly 9.63 miles) round line with 17 new stops — which practically doubles the variety of current stations — now connects outlying neighborhoods that radiate removed from the town middle. Residents will not have to depend on their bikes to get round, a boon particularly throughout Copenhagen’s hygge-inducing winters.

The impetus for the undertaking was twofold, in line with Henrik Ploughmann Olsen, CEO of Copenhagen Metro. “To start with, it was a query of bettering public transport, making it extra environment friendly and of higher high quality,” he stated. “Nevertheless it was additionally about metropolis growth in different areas outdoors of the town middle.”

Courtesy The Copenhagen Metro

Public squares had been constructed, with 150 benches and 800 timber, had been put in across the 17 new stations. The plazas not solely enable entry to the Metro, however will hopefully encourage extra commerce and housing.

“We see that it attracts outlets but additionally workplaces and service-oriented companies,” stated Olsen.

Constructing the road was not with out its challenges.

Olsen acknowledged that the eight years of development impeded site visitors and usually disrupted folks’s day by day lives. “We had the equipment proper outdoors folks’s home windows for fairly a considerable variety of years,” he stated.

Glass and light are key design elements, and stations were designed to integrate with their surroundings.

Glass and lightweight are key design components, and stations had been designed to combine with their environment.

Reginaldo Gross sales/Metro Firm

Technical points additionally challenged tunnel designers. They needed to construct round older buildings with shaky foundations, such because the historic Frederik’s Church, a.ok.a. Marble Church, on the Marmorkirken station.

Controlling groundwater was additionally crucial throughout development.

“Loads of the homes within the inside a part of the previous metropolis middle are literally based on wood piles from the 17th century or 18th century,” defined Olsen, “In the event you take away the groundwater from these piles, they’re going to rot.”

As well as, builders needed to deftly maneuver round current Metro tunnels–but Olsen proudly notes the extension was accomplished with out inflicting any shutdowns to the present system.

Shiny, new rails

The new M3 line allows Copenhagen to compete on an international level.

The brand new M3 line permits Copenhagen to compete on a global degree.

Reginaldo Gross sales/Metro Firm

The road itself is a factor of magnificence; glossy and gleaming like a seal shimmying by water, this shiny new rail line is runs routinely with none conductors.

The system operates 24 hours a day, 365 days a 12 months — a uncommon service provided by solely a small handful of cities worldwide, together with New York Metropolis, Chicago, and Melbourne — and a full rotation across the line takes 24 minutes. Common pace is about 40 kilometers per hour (roughly 25 miles per hour) however when a prepare hits prime pace, it may well cruise at 90 kilometer an hour (55 miles per hour).

Not like older stations, all the brand new stops are outfitted with two elevators as an alternative of 1 and the incline of stairs was diminished to make going up and down flights much less taxing. For as we speak’s iTouch tradition, screens by ticket machines provide riders with route info and maps.

Not simply simple on the experience, Cityring’s stations are simple on the eyes.

Glass and lightweight are key design components and stations had been designed to combine with their environment. On the Frederiksberg Allé station, for instance, the inexperienced inside shade scheme is a segue to the out of doors park that greets riders once they attain road degree.

Cleanliness and effectivity are two tenets of the Metro system. Income generated from ticket gross sales is reinvested into upkeep, and quarterly surveys of passengers give Metro operators route on what’s working, what’s not and the place they should direct funds.


The Cityring does not wish to compete with bikes, however as an alternative combine itself into current transportation infrastructure. “Metro truly helps the ideas of the having bikes being both final mile or first mile mode of transportation, so you may use it together,” stated Olsen.

Bikes are allowed on the Metro throughout non-rush hours, and cellars at each station present storage for the two-wheeled autos when not in use. Screens at exit factors announce close by bus and prepare departures for straightforward connections.

This shiny new rail line is conductor-less and runs automatically.

This shiny new rail line is conductor-less and runs routinely.

Reginaldo Gross sales/Metro Firm

Whereas these options have residents excited in regards to the new system, Olsen believes “an important factor is that you do not have to search for agenda,” he stated. “You’ll be able to simply undergo the station and there will be a prepare proper after.” To him, freedom from the shackles of a schedule exemplifies the benefit of utilizing the Metro.

The brand new M3 line — and the enlargement of the Metro usually — not solely providers the town internally, however permits Copenhagen to compete on a global degree. Citing Hamburg, Germany, and Stockholm, Sweden as close by rivals, Olsen hopes to draw each companies and vacationers to Copenhagen through alternatives introduced by the Metro.

With the opening of the M3 Cityring, ridership is predicted to rise from 65 million to 122 million by 2020, and two extensions to the present M4 line are as a result of open over the following 5 12 months.

Whereas projections are bold, Olsen’s definition of success is extra modest.

“The much less folks have to consider us, the higher,” he stated. “So should you can simply depend on us and do not need to assume a lot about utilizing the Metro, as a result of it is easy to make use of and you do not have to plan your journey, then I assume we’re a hit.”

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